India's first national park is cradled in the foothills of the Himalayas and spreads over an area of 520 sq. kms., along the bank of Ramganga river. The dense Sal forests of Himalayan foothills and the tall grassy meadows make it one of the richest areas of northern India for the habitation of big mammals.
Situated in the hilly districts of Nainital and Pauri Garhwal, the park was first established in 1936, by the then Governor Sir Malcom hailey and was named Haily National Park. After independence, the park was renamed Ramganga National Park and finally in 1957, it was named Corbett national Park in honour of the late Jim Corbett, the legendary author and photographer whohelped in demarcating the park's boundaries and setting it up.
Following international appeal to save the world's most magnificent beasts, Project Tiger was launched with the help of World Wildlife Fund on April 1st 1973, making the Corbett Park a heaven for the tigers.
The lake in the park attracts a large number of species of water birds, both migrants and others, that frequent it's water, mainly in the winter. Among the reptiles, the long snouted, fish eating gharial and mugger (crocodiles) could be seen basking in the sun on the sand banks. Sporting fish such as mahseer and malee thrive in the lake and in the river, offering great fishing, sport to anglers.
Different species of trees, shrubs, bamboo and grass make up the lush vegetation of the park. The sanctuary is dominated by pure sal, for which the park is known. It is found in the lower hilly ridges and flat valleys while the soothing green shisham is in abundance in the revering area. The balky enriches the hues of park with its reddish leaves and pale bark and the the chaurs, the savannah grasslands are covered with a variety of grass. During the monsoon from June to October, the park remains closed to tourists and the animals move to the hilly areas of Corbett at this time.
The tiger is the bigger attraction of this park. Other carnivores include the leopard, elephant, bear, hog, sambar deer, muntjac and fox. The park has more than 300 species of birds. The common birds seen here are ducks snipe egrets, herons, spotted eagle, harrier, woodpecker, darter, cormorants and thrushes.
The Ramganga is the home of the prehistoric reptiles, gharial and the mugger. The gharial has been saved from extinction in the park through captive breeding. A few species of turtles and tortoises are also found in and around lake.
The chital and the well known spotted deer, considered to be one of the most beautiful in the world congregate in large numbers in the vast grassland choirs of Corbett.
|Area||520.8 sq km.|
|Altitude||Between 400 mt and 1,100 mt|
|Temperature||Max 40 deg. cel. and Min 19 deg. cel. (summer)
Max 25 deg. cel. and Min 4 deg. cel. (winter)
|Main Tourist Center||Dhikala|
|Season||Nov 15 to Jun 15|
|How To reach||
Air : :nearest airport is Pantnagar, 130 kms
Rail : Nearest railhead is Ramnagar, 50 kms from Dhikala
Road : Dhikala is connected by a metalled road to Dhangarhi and from there to other parts of the state. Other centers within the park are connected by fair - weather dirt tracks. From Dhikala : Delhi is 290 kms; Lucknow 503 kms ; Ranikhet 103 kms. & Nainital 128 kms.
|Local Transport||Coaches and jeeps can be hired from the national park office at Ramnagar. Elephants are available for wildlife viewing at Dhikala, Khinanauli and Bijrani. Elephant rides are conducted every morning and evening.|
Forest Rest House, Dhikala. Cabins, Dhikala. Cottage tents, Dhikala. Log Huts, Dhikala. Forest Rest House, Khinanauli. Forest Rest House, Sarpduli. Forest Rest House, Gairal. Forest Rest House, Sultan. Forest Rest House, Bijrani. Forest Rest House, Malani. Forest Rest House, Kandan. Forest Rest House, Dhela. Forest Rest House, Jhirna .
Project tiger or Wildlife Warden,
Corbett National Park,
CABLE :- PROTIGER
Chief Wildlife Warden
17 Rana Pratap Marg,
CABLE - WILDLIFE
Corbett Riverside Resort,
Garjia, P.O., Dhikuli,
Ramnagar, Distt Nainital,
Uttarakhand, India. 91-5945-85960
and at New Delhi Tel :- 91-11-660665, 665191 Fax :- 91-11-6853336
The Claridges-Corbett Hideaway,
Ramnagar, Distt Nainital,
India. Tel :- 91-5945-85959
At Delhi contact for reservations The Claridges, New Delhi, Tel:- 91-11-23010211 Fax :- 91-11-3010625.